FIR is a public document, CBI, NIA, NCB link to Central Crime Data Platform: Amit Shah

CCTNS is the country’s centralized online database of FIRs, charge sheets and investigation reports

CCTNS is the country’s centralized online database of FIRs, charge sheets and investigation reports

Union Home Minister Amit Shah said on Friday that all central agencies such as CBI, National Investigation Agency (NIA) and Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) should be linked at the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) – the centralized online database. first information reports (FIR), charge sheets and investigation reports.

“Nearly 99% of police stations across the country are connected to CCTNS. But central agencies such as CBI, NIA and NCB are not on this platform. The FIR is a public document, what is the secret that surrounds it? Agencies should not resist, this is not an option [to join CCTNS]. The fee sheet is also a public document. The type of information to be shared can be professionally decided by the agencies,” he said.

The CCTNS is a platform that connects approximately 16,000 police stations across the country. All state police are mandated to file FIRs in the CCTNS module. The project was conceptualized and launched in 2009.

Mr Shah has asked Union Home Secretary Ajay Kumar Bhalla to convene a meeting of the Director General of Police of all central agencies to bring them under the CCTNS fold.

He spoke at 37 andNational Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Founding Day Celebration.

“The social eye”

The NCRB should broaden its scope of work by focusing on the “social eye” and not just being a repository of crime data. The NCRB operates and maintains the CCTNS platform.

“You’ve been doing this job for 27 years, NCRB data shouldn’t just be used by states to brag about low crime. The NCRB presents crime data through the prism of the Indian Penal Code. Data must have a social eye. For example, what is the trend of crime around educational establishments and hostels. The crime scenario before the start of the agricultural season,” he remarked.

He noted that when he was Home Minister of Gujarat, he noticed that whenever the state was hit by drought, the crime rate skyrocketed. “These crimes were not deliberate. The superintendent of police should meet with the relief commissioners or authorities with jurisdiction over such crimes and seek a solution.”

The National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS), which has a fingerprint database of about 1 crore crime suspects, is expected to be popularized. “Short video clips about NACS should go viral. Its usefulness should be told to the public that if a crime has taken place then the police can reach the door of the suspect by matching the fingerprint with the NAFIS database.

Online FIRs

Similarly, the use of online FIRs should also be made public. “We often find that knowledge and access to platforms is only limited to IPS (Indian Police Service) officers, this should extend to those who sit in police stations. I believe the NCRB has a role to play here,” he observed.

The NCRB should simplify the data because currently the recordings were intense and if someone needed to get data, they could even get it manually with few calls.

The Interoperable Criminal Justice System (IOCJS) which connects various pillars such as courts, forensics, prisons and police stations has been awarded over ₹3,500 crore and the program has been extended till in 2026.

NCRB data shouldn’t be used just to brag that a state has done well on the crime front, he added.

Harry D. Gonzalez